The principle is laid down in Article 1 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789: " Men are born and remain free and equal in rights ».
Men as free people enjoy the same rights. The recognition of the primacy of the individual protected as a human person endows him with a legal personality.
Man as an actor in legal life and therefore a subject of law, is protected both in his person and his individuality: these are the rights of the personality.
Rights that everyone acquires from birth or, from conception whenever it is in their best interests and when they are born alive and viable (in accordance with the adage " infans conceptus ").
From birth, everyone has the capacity to enjoy and exercise their rights. Vulnerable people known as "incapable" will benefit from increased protection to protect their interests.
The man passes away with death, but his personality is transmitted to his heirs commonly designated as successors of the person of the deceased. The person benefits from protection of the human body, from the organization of civil status documents. People will see their rights restricted, framed it is the right of foreigners.
Personal rights are unlimited in matters of public freedoms (freedom of conscience, freedom of religion, etc.); the right to honor, respect for their dignity and reputation (defamation, public or private insults, discrimination, etc.); right to privacy ...
The only limit to personality rights are public order and good morals.